Plane crashes have been common for the past few years with the exception of 2017 which was the year that there were no fatalities in commercial aviation. In 2018 however, there were several crashes in the first 3 months where about 200 people died and hence, the cause of this change has been attributed to air safety. What is air safety? The question of air safety in the aviation industry draws several answers. Air travel is a fast convenient method of travel and is still the safest mode of transport. To increase air safety however there need to be measures put in place that address the issues that are detrimental to it.
In recent cases of plane crashes, while technical failures have certainly caused some of the aircraft accidents, there is the human factor. For example, safety agencies cite pilot fatigue as one of the factors that cause human error and hence lead to aviation accidents. Pilots get fatigue because ahead of flights some have had long commutes from their homes and catch up on sleep in the crew lounge rather than a comfortable hotel. This does not give them enough rest to prepare for the flight ahead and instead they take it even tired as they are. Pilot fatigue can lead to poor judgement and hence result in errors that can cause accidents. Beyond causes accidents there are factors that improve air safety such as:
Technical and Engineering Excellence
Improvement in engine reliability especially due to the use of jet engines brings down the chances of engine failure. Other innovations in sensors, air traffic control technology navigation equipment and even anti-collision control system play a role in improving air safety. Continued innovation in these areas will continue to tighten the belt on aviation accidents.
To eliminate the human error that plays a role in reducing air safety, recurrent training helps pilot and aircraft crew to refresh their skills and also give them insight in how to handle emergency situations. Again in this case, continued innovation and implementation of technological advancements in trainings such as the use of flight stimulators has made aviation workers safety conscious which helps in increased air safety. It has also increased situational awareness among pilots who need it in handling of emergency situations.
With technological advancements increasing, design of the aircraft will keep on improving to favour reduced chances of failure, new techniques of aircraft control, new forms of propulsion, affordable fuel costs etc. This will continue in the quest for complete air safety in the aviation industry.